Monthly Archives: February 2014

Fair Use in education

Today, information and media are at our fingertips with the click of a button. With ever-expanding access to information, the lines between the legal and illegal use of copyrighted materials seem to blur. A network of academic librarians joined forces and created Fair Use Week to address this pressing issue.

The goal of Fair Use Week is to increase public awareness about copyright laws and Fair Use in education. Several universities and colleges initiated this effort, including American University, Harvard University, the University of Illinois at Chicago and William Paterson University.  Pia Hunter, head of Reserve and Media Services at the Daley library, is enthusiastic about the future of the program. She explained that participation in Fair Use week will continue to grow as news of the events travel. Hunter encourages students and staff to explore Fair Use issues year round, as they affect students, scholars, and researchers on a daily basis.

Fair Use is a provision of U.S. copyright law that grants the right to use copyrighted material under certain circumstances without the permission of the copyright owner (Harvard University). Fair Use can include criticism, commentary, teaching, research and news reporting on copyrighted material.

Proponents of Fair Use explain that the rigid application of copyright law can suppress the creativity and innovation the law originally set out to promote (Auferheride & Jaszi, 2011). Fair Use promotes creativity as it provides people with the freedom to use and add to original works.

To determine whether a certain use is protected, the Fair Use statute outlines four factors users must consider (Harvard University):

  1. The purpose and character of the use
  2. The nature of the copyrighted work
  3. The amount and substantiality of the potion used in relation to the work as a whole
  4. The effect of the use on the potential market for or value of the copyrighted work

In education, the law often protects “transformative” uses. The Supreme Court explains that a work is transformative if it “adds something new, with a further purpose or different character, altering the first with new expression, meaning or message,” (Harvard University). One common example is the use of a quotation from an original work in a critical essay in order to further a writer’s argument. Non-transformative uses may also be permitted under certain circumstances. As an example, the Supreme Court explained that instructors handing out multiple copies of works to a class in “appropriate circumstances” may be permitted as Fair Use (Harvard University).

Test your knowledge of copyright and Fair Use in this Discovery Channel quiz – some answers may surprise you! http://www.discovery.com/tv-shows/curiosity/topics/fair-use-copyright-quiz.htm

 

 

Aufderheide, Patricia, and Peter Jaszi. Reclaiming Fair Use: How to Put Balance Back in Copyright. Chicago: University of Chicago, 2011. Print.

Harvard University Office of the General Counsel http://ogc.harvard.edu/pages/copyright-and-fair-use

Daley Library responds to rising textbook costs with books on reserve

Handing over your credit card for a semester’s worth of textbooks is no easy task.

According to The College Board, the average student at a four-year public college will spend about $1,200 on textbooks and supplies in the 2013-2014 school year. Unfortunately, this number has been on the rise. In 2012, University of Michigan-Flint economics professor Mark Perry reported an 812 percent increase in college textbook prices since 1978.1

 The Daley Library is making strides to ease the burden of textbook costs on students. The library offers selected textbooks for 100- and 200-level General Education courses on reserve.

The head of Reserve and Media Services, Pia Hunter, reported that the most commonly reserved books are for English, science and economics courses. Hunter explained that she makes decisions about which textbooks to purchase in part on the basis of cost. She also speaks with faculty and students to determine which books are in demand.

As word of the program has spread, the number of textbooks checked out has rapidly increased. In the first semester of the program, fall 2012, books were checked out 702 times compared with 1,757 times in the spring 2013 semester and 2,821 times in the fall 2013 semester.

Hunter explained that the program is not intended to substitute for students purchasing their textbooks. However, it provides a segment of students with competing financial obligations the chance to achieve their academic goals without sacrificing other necessities. The program is also beneficial to students who purchase less expensive, older textbook editions, as they are able to consult the textbook on reserve for changes in page numbers or content.

 Two commonly cited reasons for the rise in textbook costs are rapid new edition cycles and textbook “bundling.”

Once a new edition of a textbook is released, students are often expected to buy this latest edition instead of older, less expensive ones. David Klein, an economics major at UIC explained, “A lot of the core concepts of economics have gone unchanged for decades, but professors insist on using the latest edition when the same basic concepts are available in a textbook printed in 2000.”

On average, new textbook editions cost 45 percent more than used copies of the previous edition.2 As new editions are introduced into the market, older editions’ values decrease and students recoup a tiny fraction of their original purchase price when selling these books back.

A 2007 U.S. Government Accountability Office report found that textbook price increases are mainly due to publisher’s cost to produce supplemental materials such as CDROMs and online content.3 Publishers “bundle” by shrink-wrapping these materials in with a textbook. If online access and codes expire after a semester, the value of the accompanying textbook declines at that point. Bundling often causes the value of used textbooks to decrease as the demand for new textbooks increases.

The effect of textbook costs on students is cause for concern. In January 2014, the U.S. Public Interest Research Group (PIRG) released a report that surveyed more than 2,000 students at 156 colleges in the fall of 2013. The report revealed that 65 percent of the students said they did not buy all of their required textbooks due to their cost. Ninety-four percent of those who did not buy all textbooks reported that they were concerned about how doing so would affect their grades. Additionally, about 48 percent of students reported that textbook costs influence their choices about which classes they take and how many they register for.4

In light of these effects on students, Hunter noted, “Library staff get instant gratification to be able to provide something in a moment of need. And the students are excited about it, too:  instead of handing over a credit card, they can simply hand over their iCards — a great bargain for the latest textbooks!”

For questions about specific titles on reserve in the Daley Library, inquire at Reserve and Media Services; or contact Pia Hunter (huntress@uic.edu or 312-996-2719); or search Course Reserves in the Library’s online catalog.

 

 

 

1)   http://www.nbcnews.com/business/required-reading-textbook-prices-soar-students-try-cope-8C11140099

2)   http://studentpirgs.org/news/new-report-shows-college-textbook-costs-increasing-sharply-ahead-inflation

3)   http://www.wisconsin.edu/audit/textbookcosts.pdf

4)   http://chronicle.com/blogs/wiredcampus/open-textbooks-could-help-students-financially-and-academically-researchers-say/49839

 

John Matthews releases book, This is Where it Gets Interesting, March 1

John Matthews, supervisor of interlibrary loan at UIC, has kept busy outside of library hours. He will release his debut short story collection, This Is Where it Gets Interesting, on March 1, 2014.

The collection includes twenty-eight stories with subjects ranging from hard-boiled crime to a talking tornado. Matthews’ punchy sentences are laced with black humor and irony. Kirkus Review called the book, “as funny and witty as it is scary and menacing.”1

After many years of agent-seeking, having many agents tell him they loved the book but “short story collections don’t sell,” Matthews decided to release the title on his own. He noted that the environment for self-publishing has significantly improved with the increase of resources available to authors online.

Matthews ran a successful campaign through Kickstarter, an online company that connects artists with donors who assist in funding the artists’ projects. Matthews exceeded his fundraising goal of $1,000 and raised almost $2,000. The funds allowed him to print and send copies of his collection to book reviewers at major literary magazines and alternative publishers.

Matthews has been writing for twenty-five years and has authored four novels: Skin Canvas, Monkey, House of Revolution and Man of the House. Matthews explained, “Novels take much longer to write, and at the end, I may not like the result.” He noted that he gets immediate satisfaction from writing short stories as he can finish an entire first draft in five days.

In the past, Matthews set aside at least one hour a day dedicated to writing. Now, he often writes on the train ride to work, and is less structured in his writing schedule. Rather than writing for the sake of writing, Matthews keeps a pen and notepad with him at all times, and writes when he feels inspired.

Be sure to check out upcoming interviews with Matthews in Gapers Block, Chicago Literati and UIC News!

 

1 https://www.kirkusreviews.com/book-reviews/john-h-matthews/this-is-where-it-gets-interesting/

Paula Dempsey heads RSR

Paula Dempsey joins the UIC Library faculty on February 24, as Research Services and Resources Librarian and Assistant Professor.

Paula mostly recently has been Coordinator of the Loop Library at DePaul University.  She also has spearheaded the assessment program for all of DePaul’s libraries.  She holds a BA in linguistics from UIUC, an MALIS from Dominican University, and a PhD in sociology from Loyola University.

With Paula’s arrival in this new position, Daley will more fully integrate most of the functions formerly performed by the Collections Development and Reference separtments,  strengthening the liaison librarianship model adopted in 2012.

Paula’s office will be in Daley 2-196, in the RSR suite in the northeast corner of the 2nd floor.

Mary Ozanich hired as assistant to university librarian

Mary M. Ozanich begins her job as Assistant to the University Librarian on Monday, February 17.

Mary has held several executive assistant positions in both the corporate and public sectors.  Most recently, she worked as staff assistant to general counsel at the Illinois Department of Children and Family Services.  She also has experience at UIC, serving as assistant to the director of the College of Medicine Cancer Center from 2006 – 2011.

Mary has an MA in Human Resource Development and a BA with a concentration in training, management, human resources, curriculum development and organizational design from Northeastern Illinois University.

Mary will provide high level administrative support to the university librarian, support various faculty and library committees, serve on the Steering Committee, and manage the operations of the Administrative Office. She will be the contact for Mary Case’s calendar.

Mary can be reached by email at mozanich@uic.edu, or at the Administrative Office’s phone number (312 996 2716).

UIC receives award for IDEA Commons

UIC received a 2013 Patron of the Year award from the Chicago Architecture Foundation (CAF) this past fall. The award honors the Richard J. Daley Library’s IDEA Commons in the Interior Projects category.

2013 marked the ten-year anniversary of CAF’s Patron of the Year awards.  Representatives from architecture, business and philanthropic communities serve on the jury that recognizes clients of architecture in the Chicago area.  The library faced tough competition in the Interiors category including the new Langham Hotel and the Pump Room at Public Hotel Chicago.

The Chicago Architecture Foundation described the IDEA Commons as “a vibrant gateway connecting campus and the library while emphasizing its importance as the University’s 24/7 heart.”

For a complete list of the 2013 award nominees and winners visit: http://www.architecture.org/patron-of-the-year

Enter video contest: How do you use the Daley Library?

Make a video showing how you use the Daley Library, and you could win a $500 bookstore gift card!

Students must submit a video no more than four minutes long in which they discuss the library and its services. The video must:

  1. Be submitted by April 11, 2014
  2. Be uploaded to YouTube (including a script for captions)
  3. Follow copyright fair use standards
  4. Be registered under a Creative Commons License

The videos will be evaluated based on: creativity, relevance, technical merit, and overall impact. The independent panel of judges will include librarians, faculty, and students.

There will be a kickoff meeting on February 11 at noon in the Daley Library, room 1-470.

For more information about the contest and to access the official entry form, visit: http://researchguides.uic.edu/content.php?pid=492037&sid=4040566

Good luck to all contestants!

 

 

Estelle Hu appointed health sciences bibliographer

Estelle (Man Hwa) Hu begins her appointment as Health Sciences Bibliographer and Assistant Professor on February 3. For the time being, she will continue to work in Information Services, Research Support, and Bioinformatics Department office #1 at LHS – Chicago and be accessible at (312) 996-0816. Her email address is ehu@uic.edu.

Estelle has been working at LHS-C as Visiting Assistant Information Services Librarian & Visiting Instructor during evening and weekend hours since June 2013. Prior to coming to UIC, Estelle held the position of Medical Librarian at Silver Cross Hospital in New Lenox, Illinois. She also worked as medical librarian at Oak Forest Hospital of Cook County in Oak Forest, Illinois, and at the Loyola University Health Science Library. She is a member of the Medical Library Association Academy of Health Information Professionals.

Joelen Pastva joins Library as metadata librarian

Joelen Pastva joins the UIC Library as Metadata Librarian on February 3. She will provide guidance in creating, reviewing and editing metadata for digital and other collections in the library. Pastva will also work with colleagues in the Resource Acquisition and Management (RAM) department and serve as a metadata consultant to projects on campus.

Regarding her new role, Pastva explained, “Library catalogs are constantly evolving to accommodate increasingly diverse collections, and although that creates plenty of challenges, I look forward to working with the staff and the Library to tackle them head-on.”

Pastva previously worked as a librarian for the Suffolk Public Library System (New York); as an online catalog project manager for the Delaware Historical Society; and most recently as a catalog and metadata librarian at Moore College of Art and Design in Philadelphia. She holds a Master of Library Studies from Pratt Institute as well as a Master of Arts in Russian and Slavic Studies from New York University. Pastva earned Bachelor of Arts degrees in English and Russian from The Johns Hopkins University.

Outside of work, Pastva enjoys hiking and photography. She is also an aspiring fixer-upper of vintage furniture and broken record players. Since moving to Chicago from Philadelphia in September, Pastva has been exploring the variety of cuisines Chicago has to offer.

Joelen can be reached by phone ((312) 413-2512) or email (jpastva@uic.edu).  Her work space is in the Daley Library, in the southeast corner of RAM.